A SYMBOL THAT REPRESENTS A SPEECH SOUND AND IS A UNIT OF AN ALPHABET:
- Voice quality symbol
Symbols used to indicate sounds or speech are called Voice Quality Symbols. The other word which we may use is called Grapheme. We can define Grapheme is “the symbol that represents a speech sound and is a unit of an alphabet”. Let’s explain the answer in detail below.
The word “symbol” is derived from the Greek word “symballo” which means “toss together, throw or put together in one idea or idea of a visible object so that the object represents an idea”.
Voice quality symbols (VoQS):
They are “a set of phonetic symbols used to transcribe disordered speech for what in speech pathology is known as voice quality”. This phrase describes its function in phonetics. In others, it means secondary articulation. Typically, Voice quality symbols are combined with braces that span a section of the speech, just as with prosody notation in the extended IPA. It can give a relative degree of quality by modifying these symbols with a digit.
The most common symbol is writing, which is a symbol of words and sounds. Symbols can be real objects, such as crosses (Christian symbols) and sticks (which symbolize wealth and power). Symbols can be in the form of colours or patterns. Symbols are often used in poetry and other types of literature mostly used as metaphors or parables. National symbols are symbols for certain countries.
Grapheme is a symbol that to classify or identify a phoneme. Now, what is a phoneme? A Phoneme is “letter or a group of letters producing the sound”. The grapheme can be a single letter or a sequence of different letters such as tch, sh etc. For instance, we have two letter Grapheme in the word “cream” where “ea” gives a long “ee” sound.
The term “Grapheme” originated from the Ancient Greek (gráphō) which means “to write”. The study of these Graphemes is called “graphemics”. A specific shape or symbol representing the particular grapheme is called “glyph”.