Glycogen is _____.
A: a polysaccharide found in plant cell walls
B: a polysaccharide found in animals
C: the form in which plants store sugars
D: a transport protein that carries oxygen
E: a source of saturated fat
The correct answer is option B.
Glycogen is a polysaccharide found in animals. So, the correct option is B.
Glycogen is the storage of glucose in humans and animals while starch is the storage in plants. Glycogen is a polysaccharide which is a form of amylopectin. Glycogen is the storage of carbohydrates in animals. It resides in muscles and liver. The stored glucose when breakdown during physical energy it gives energy to the animal. Therefore, it a polysaccharide found in animals.
In glycogen, the glucose units are joined together by alpha 1-4 glycosidic linkage with α 1-6 bonds. It is mainly produced in muscles and liver, but it can also be produced during glycogenesis.
Polysaccharides are polymers of carbohydrates which consists of hundreds to several thousands of monosaccharide units. It contains glucose. Polysaccharides are produced by animals, humans and plants to be a storage of food and energy which would be synthesized during any physical activity.
Polysaccharides are complex macromolecules which are made up of monosaccharide’s chains. Glycosidic bonds are formed between monosaccharide’s chains.
Polysaccharides includes are mannose, glucose, fructose and galactose, which are simple sugars.
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