Parental notification, in lieu of active parental permission, is allowed when:
A: The superintendent of schools and the principals have approved the study.
B: An IRB has approved a waiver of the requirement for parental permission.
C: The researcher anticipates a low response rate.
D: The researcher has conducted a similar study at another institution.
The correct option is B. An IRB has approved a waiver of the requirement for parental permission.
In place of active parental permission, an IRB has approved a waiver of the requirement for parental consent.
The IRB has the authority to approve the research because they have a national acknowledgement to set the standards in the field of behavioural and biomedical research.
Institutional Review Board:
Institutional Review Board is a committee that protects the rights of human subjects used in a research project. A researcher who is using human subjects as a part of the study will have to follow certain rules regarding the privacy of the participants. He or she has to keep the personal information of the subjects in confidence. According to IRB ethical rules, the researcher needs parental permission of the participants who can’t make their decisions by themselves.
A waiver of parental permission:
However, when the parents of those subjects are notified, they may need a waiver of the requirements of parental permission. It means that they may voluntarily submit their rights to someone else as “A waiver means the voluntary surrender of one’s right”. If the risk in the research is minimal, then the act of waiving parental permission of IRB may be acceptable.