The Primary Purpose Of A Certificate Of Confidentiality Is To:
A: Allow law enforcement to investigate abuse cases.
B: Protect researchers from disclosing conflicts of interest.
C: Prevent subjects from knowing the purpose of a study.
D: Protect identifiable research information from compelled disclosure.
The correct answer is option D. Protect identifiable research information from compelled disclosure.
Why option A is incorrect:
As we know that the primary purpose of a Certificate of Confidentiality is to protect identifiable research information from compelled disclosure, so law enforcement about abuse cases is not the scope of Certificate of Confidentiality.
Why option B is incorrect:
Certificate of Confidentiality protects researchers from compelled disclose, not from conflicts of interest.
Why option C is incorrect:
The researchers have to keep the privacy of the subject’s sensitive information, and subject’s prevention from knowing their purpose is not the scope of Certificate of Confidentiality.
The essential purpose of the Certificate of Confidentiality (CoC) is to ensure the privacy of the subject’s sensitive information.
Certificate of Confidentiality protects the researchers or the investigators from being forced or compelled to disclose their research work or any confidential information which is produced from their research practice.
For instance, a researcher conducts a web-based survey of college students. He wants to collect information about drug abuse and sexual behaviour. The direct identifiers, such as phone number and students name, will not be collected. But, IP addresses may be included in the research data. Adequate measures will be taken to ensure that there is no breach of confidentiality. There would be a risk of harm if their privacy got compromised as some subjects may experience psychological or emotional stress.
What is a Certificate of Confidentiality?
Certificate of Confidentiality (CoCs) protects the privacy of the participants of the research. The researchers are obliged to keep sensitive information confidential. They are required to keep the direct identifiers of the subjects confidential. Without the permission of the subjects, the researcher is not allowed to disclose the sensitive information in public to anyone who is not the part of the research,