The use of prisoners in research is a concern under the Belmont principle of Justice because:
A. The Prisoners are not a representative sample of the general population.
B. Prisoners are not free to say no
C. Prisoners can be used to conduct research that only benefits the larger society.
D. Prisoners are less educated than the general population and have difficulty understanding research.
The correct answer is option C.
Under the Belmont principle of Justice, prisoners may be used to conduct research that only benefits the larger society.
Belmont principle of Justice:
The National Commission first wrote the Belmont Report for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research. It is based on the national commission for the protection of human subjects of behavioral and biomedical research.
It is one of the leading works which concerns ethics and health care research. It protects the participants in a clinical trial and research studies.
The Belmont Report elaborates the unifying ethical principles which provide a base for the National Commission’s topic-specific reports.
The three fundamental ethical principles of Belmont report regarding human subjects in research studies are following;
Respect for persons:
It explains the protection of the autonomy of the participants. It focuses on treating the subjects with respect and courtesy by focusing on informed consent. Researchers are required to be truthful with their subjects.
It focuses on the philosophy of “Do no harm”. At the same time, focus on maximizing benefits for the research project and minimizing risks to the research subjects.
It ensures non-exploitative, reasonable and well-considered procedures for the cost and benefits of the participants of the research.
Applications requirements Belmont principle for conducting research includes;
i) informed consent,
ii) risks benefit assessment, and
iii) Selection of subjects of study.