What is the name of the process during which a bond between two monomers is broken?
The name of the process during which a bond between two monomers is broken is Hydrolysis
Hydrolysis is the opposite of a condensation reaction. During hydrolysis, a water molecule is utilized in the breaking of a bond between two monomers. A hydrogen atom is added to one monomer, and an OH is joined to the other.
In Hydrolysis, the polymers are split up into monomers. The term hydrolysis means “to split” or “to break with water”. It is a reaction in which a water molecule is utilized in the breaking down of polymers. During this reaction, a polymer is divided into two components. With the addition of a water molecule, the bond between two monomers is broken down.
So, hydrolysis is the process of splitting the bond between two or more than two monomers.
A molecule of water comes back during the reaction of hydrolysis as it is lost during dehydration reaction. To split the bond between monomers, the functional groups of a hydrogen atom (H) and a hydroxyl group (OH) is to be added to the respective monomers, as these were broken in dehydration process previously. So, the covalent bond which has bonded the two carbons has to be broke first, and then a molecule of water is to be added. The water molecule provides H and an OH to the monomers by splitting. Therefore, hydrolysis is an energy-releasing reaction.
Thus, Hydrolysis is a universal process for splitting up all organic polymers.