What is the process called that converts the genetic information stored in DNA to an RNA copy?
The correct answer is option C.
Transcription is the process that converts the genetic information stored in DNA to an RNA copy.
DNA transcription is a process that has certain similarities to the DNA replication process. All of the RNA in a cell is produced through the process of transcription. It begins with the opening g of two strands of DNA molecule, which exposes the base of the DNA strand.
Then, one of these strands of DNA acts as a template for the formation of a new RNA molecule. The new nucleotide forms a covalent bond with the growing RNA chain. Thus, the RNA chain is synthesized through transcription. The transcript nucleotide has a sequence that is complementary to that strand of DNA, which has used as a template.
Although there is a difference between DNA replication and transcription, the RNA strand does not maintain the hydrogen bond during transcription. The RNA molecules are released as a single strand from the DNA template. Further, the RNA molecules are shorter than DNA molecules because they are copied from one specific region of DNA.
RNA polymerase enzyme performs its functions during transcription. It works as a catalyst to produce phosphodiester bonds. This bond links the nucleotides in a linear chain.
Thus, transcription is the process that converts the genetic information stored in DNA to an RNA copy.