What statement about risks in social and behavioural sciences research is most accurate?
- Risks are specific to time, place, and culture.
- Risks are specific to time.
- Risks are specific to a culture.
A: Risks are specific to time, situation, and culture.
Why option B and C are incorrect:
As the risks in social and behavioural sciences research are specific to time, place and culture, so option A covers other both options of time and culture.
Risks in the field of social and behavioural sciences mainly can be classified into three categories;
- invasion of privacy,
- breach of confidentiality and
- Study procedures.
Invasion of privacy:
Invasion of privacy occurs when personal information gets accessed without the permission of the subject. A researcher who is studying the pattern of interaction on a chat group without revealing his true identity is an example of invasion of privacy.
Such invasions of privacy could also occur when the participation of the subject in a study reveals despite the assurances that such an event will not happen.
Breach of confidentiality:
Major harm for the subject of social sciences research occurs when the researcher reveals some sensitive information outside the research circle.
Confidentiality gets compromised by the unauthorized release of personal data which leads to a negative impact on the social, economic, as well as the psychological state of the research subject.
While every subject claim to have not shared any personal information outside the research circle, the participants still should note that the researcher in such a setting cannot guarantee confidentiality.