Which is an example of a situation where deferential Vulnerability might be a factor?
A: Allow law enforcement to investigate abuse cases.
B: Protect researchers from disclosing conflicts of interest.
C: Prevent subjects from knowing the purpose of a study.
D: Protect identifiable research information from compelled disclosure.
The correct answer is option C. A physician recruiting his patients.
Why option A is incorrect:
Individuals deferentially occur if individuals are in a position that is considered to be below that person due to knowledge or social status. In this case, a college professor may have more experience than students, but they belong to the same area of study.
Why option B is incorrect:
An army medical officer does not create Deferential Vulnerability among lower ranks because they all belong to the same field of work.
Why option D is incorrect:
Similarly; an employer does not lead to deferential Vulnerability among persons who directly report to him.
An example of a situation where deferential Vulnerability might be a factor is a physician recruiting his patients.
When a person feels submissive to another person because of his gender, knowledge or social class, it is called deferential Vulnerability.
Many people compare their social class, caste, religion and their education to those people who are higher in rank, so it ultimately leads them to feel subordinate. It became prominent when they do compare themselves to medical doctors as the doctors are considered to have more knowledge, thus, belongs to high social class.
Deferential Vulnerability may occur in individuals because of cultural reasons. It is more evident in western society for individuals who make their own decisions about medical treatments, as compared to non-western societies.
“A physician recruiting his patients is an example of deferential Vulnerability” as the doctors usually consider at a higher social level than patients. They are perceived as having more knowledge hence the authority.
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