Which of the following is true regarding the traditional peer review process?
A: Under double-blind review, the identity of the reviewer is revealed to the author.
B: Under a single-blind review, the identity of the reviewer is revealed to the author.
C: Under a single-blind review, the identity of the author is revealed to the reviewer.
D: Under double-blind peer review, both the authors and reviewers don’t keep their anonymity.
The correct answer is option C.
The true statement regarding the traditional peer review process is “Under single-blind review, the identity of the author is revealed to the reviewer”.
Peer review is the process of reviewing the work of any author by the expert of the same top check if it is relevant and valid, before publication. Peer reviews are used to maintain and improve the quality and performance of the author’s work.
It is the evaluation of someone’s work written work under the same competition to check the quality of the author. It is a form of self-regulation by the qualified members of the same field.
There are there main types of peer review;
- The double-blind
- The single-blind
- Open review.
The single-blind review is a traditional review under which the real identity of the author is revealed to the reviewers, but the author is unaware of the reviewer’s identity.
This type of review is objective because there are minimum pressure and influence of the author on the reviewers.
Under the single-blind review, the identity of the author is disclosed to the reviewer. This review is done professionally in order to control the quality of the work which has to be published. Thus, option C is the correct answer.