Which of the following terms associated with transcription describe regions of nucleic acid?
D: RNA polymerase.
The correct options are A, B, and C.
The gene itself, the promoter, and the terminator are all DNA sequences. The RNA that is produced is another.
In the process of transcription, the two strands of DNA separate from each other by unwinding the double helix of DNA. Thus, a messenger RNA is formed by using a coding strand. The RNA polymerase enzyme brings free nucleotides and lines them up opposite the corresponding nitrogen bases of the DNA strand.
The process of transcription begins with downstream from a sequence known as a promoter. The DNA is transcribed until a terminator is reached.
The other term associated with the transcription of nucleic acid is the terminator. The nucleic acid sequence ensures the mediation of transcriptional termination through the signal provision of newly synthesized transcript RNA, which triggers the release of transcript RNA.
Gene is also a segment of DNA that codes for a protein. The protein thus formed corresponds to a specific trait of the organism.
The gene first undergoes transcription to synthesize mRNA, which is translated to form a protein.